By Lars Borin
The current quantity collects contributions addressing various points of the dimension of linguistic adjustments, an issue which most likely is as previous as language itself yet whilst has bought renewed curiosity over the past decade or so, reflecting a quick improvement of data-intensive computing in all fields of analysis, together with linguistics.
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Extra resources for Approaches to Measuring Linguistic Differences
Here typological pressure is not directly applicable, so stability and borrowability are more or less in an inverse relationship: The core vocabulary is a feature with typically high stability and low borrowability, while cultural vocabulary is typically more unstable and contact sensitive (cf. Tadmor and Haspelmath 2009). The whole concept of glottochronology of lexicostatistics is based on this assumption, namely, that certain parts of the lexicon are more stable for classification (Swadesh 1952; Greenhill et al.
Marzal, Andrés and Enrique Vidal 1993 Computation of normalized edit distance and operations. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 15 (9): 926–932. McMahon, April and Robert McMahon 2005 Language Classification by Numbers. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Moran, Steven An ontology for accessing transcription systems (OATS). Proceed2009 ings of the EACL 2009 Workshop on Language Technologies for African Languages – AfLaT 2009, 112–120. Athens: ACL. National Archives 2007 The soundex indexing system.
Contact sensitivity in different social contexts. g. meaning, techniques, functions, etc. can easily be lost if the artifact is separated from its cultural context or if the cultural context ceases to exist (as in the example with the scythe above). g. in the case of the large amounts of gold that was stolen by the Spanish from the Incas, taken to Europe and transformed into coins and objects with new social functions that today are being used to manufacture computers, items of high significance in Western society, but nevertheless very different from the role of the Inca goldwork in pre-Columbian South America.
Approaches to Measuring Linguistic Differences by Lars Borin