By Kerstin Fischer

ISBN-10: 0080447376

ISBN-13: 9780080447377

ISBN-10: 0080461581

ISBN-13: 9780080461588

''Approaches to Discourse Particles'' serves as a distinct reference through offering the spectrum of methods to discourse particles/markers of their richness and variability, when making sure that the variations and similarities among the techniques are transparent and related. With the loads of stories now released on discourse particles/markers, it really is changing into more and more tough to make such comparisons. Fischer addresses this challenge through asking popular researchers from diverse linguistic backgrounds to explain their specific methods of accounting for probably the most very important troublesome areas via addressing concerns corresponding to: definition; the sensible spectrum of the goods thought of; the version of polyfunctionality proposed; and the wider framework of the model.Discourse debris fulfil many various services; they give a contribution to textual content structuring, discussion administration, turn-taking, politeness, and extra. Their research is, hence, proper from many alternative views inside of pragmatics and linguistics as a complete. ''Approaches to Discourse Particles'' constitutes an immense orientation for newbies to the sector, in addition to supplying the required counsel and reference for the various students now operating within the starting to be learn group. ''Wide-ranging and useful...Places the assumptions underlying divergent methods in sharp relief.'' - Lawrence Schourup, Osaka Prefecture collage, Japan.

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Il est super-bien situé, toujours. A. This apartment is small and it’s expensive. I don’t want it. B. The location is great, though. 1. Propositional uses of toujours Etymologically, toujours is entirely transparent: it is a coalesced form of the universally quantified NP tous jours (‘all days’). We may therefore assume that the “globally affirmative” use is the diachronically prior one, from which the others have evolved. Such a diachronically prior sense is not necessarily also the synchronically most salient one.

Je n’ai pas envie de le prendre. B. Comme tu veux. Toujours est-il qu’il est super-bien situé. A. This apartment is small and it’s expensive. I don’t want it. B. Whatever you say. Still, the location is great. In its second discourse marking use, toujours is prosodically or graphically detached at the end of its host clause: (25) A. Cet appartement est petit et il est cher. Je n’ai pas envie de le prendre. B. Il est super-bien situé, toujours. A. This apartment is small and it’s expensive. I don’t want it.

In a number of cases—including the ones above—whether one or the other sense is intended can only be determined by examining the co- and context. Fairly closely related to these is the nonpropositional use illustrated in (19), where toujours is still fully integrated into the syntax of its host clause: (19) Un pingouin, c’est toujours un oiseau. Whatever else, a penguin is a bird. , 1985a), this is not the case with the use exemplified in (19). So, although (21) and (23) are grammatical (although pragmatically odd in most contexts), toujours in these examples can only be understood as propositional:14 (20) Philippe n’est pas toujours content.

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Approaches to Discourse Particles by Kerstin Fischer

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