By Richard Foster Jones
Enticing, erudite research of upward thrust of clinical move in 17th-century England; Francis Bacon’s function rather under pressure. Revised (1961) variation.
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Extra resources for Ancients and Moderns (Washington University Studies.)
The Revolt from Aristotle and the Ancients 119 III. Projects, Inventions, and the Progress of Science 148 THE RESTORATION I. The Defence of the Experimental Philosophy 183 II. The "Bacon-faced Generation" 237 III. Conclusion 268 IV. Notes 273 V. ] -2- CHAPTER I THE SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE OF THE ELIZABETHANS Where as Galen with other auncient and approbat doctours doth prayse porke I dare nat say the contrarye agaynst them, but thys I am sure of, I dyd neuer loue it Andrew Boorde, A Compendyous Regyment, 1547.
Had Fracastoro, he says, "observed by a large number of experiments that all bodies are drawn to electricks except those which are aglow and aflame, and highly rarified, [he] would never have given a thought to" certain theories. " Gilbert frequently notes the reason for errors in matters beyond his immediate interest, and generalizes -- almost moralizes -- on -18- the necessity of experimentation. He cites an error of Cardan's as an example of the danger of falling into mistakes in the absence of genuine experiments.
His syllogistic logic became the main instrument of scientific reasoning. He had dominated medieval theology, and in the Renaissance he continued to dominate science. The absoluteness of his authority is revealed by one of the statutes of Oxford University, which decreed "that Bachelors and Masters who did not follow Aristotle faithfully were liable to a fine of five shillings for every point of divergence, and for every fault committed against the Logic of the Organon," 2 and at least one scholar was expelled for daring to attack the Grecian.
Ancients and Moderns (Washington University Studies.) by Richard Foster Jones