By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of a typical creation to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in past variants, key ideas resembling constituency, classification and serve as are conscientiously defined as they're introduced.
content material: advent 1. Sentence constitution: components 2. Sentence constitution: services three. Sentence constitution: different types four. the fundamental Verb word five. Adverbials and different concerns 6. extra on verbs: auxiliary VPs7. The constitution of Noun words eight. Sentences inside Sentences nine. Wh-clauses 10. Non-finite clauses eleven. Languages, sentences and grammars extra ReadingIndex
summary: This hugely winning textual content has lengthy been thought of a customary creation to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in prior versions, key innovations equivalent to constituency, class and serve as are conscientiously defined as they're brought
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Extra resources for Analysing sentences : an introduction to English syntax
Modifiers can precede or follow their heads, though so far I’ve only given examples of modifiers preceding their heads. Beside a stream illustrates both these general kinds of dependency. qxd 5/13/10 15:26 Page 37 DEPENDENCY AND FUNCTION  Now look at .  Phil dreads affectionate cats. It’s a sentence – so, overall, it’s an example of the subject~predicate relation. But its predicate includes both a relation of modification and a relation of complementation. Before reading further, first identify the subject and predicate and then try to identify the modifier~head relation and the head~complement relation within the predicate.
Summary Constituents have their functions in respect of their sisters. There are three kinds of functional relation between sisters: Subject~Predicate. The functional relation between the immediate constituents of sentences, Noun Phrase (NP) and Verb Phrase (VP). It is a mutual (two-way) dependency – S and P are both obligatory. S precedes P. Modifier~Head. This is a one-way dependency: modifiers depend on heads. Modifiers are optional (omissible). Some modifiers precede and some follow the heads they modify.
They can’t be predicates; we couldn’t say, for example, that to give up chocolate were really serious is predicated as being true of none of her attempts. In applying the question movement test to the following examples, you’ll find that you have to modify it slightly. Form the yes/no questions that correspond to these examples.  My new duck lays lightly boiled eggs.  Elizabeth and Leicester excel at Real Tennis.  The chiropodist fell in love with most of his patients. As you will have discovered, the appropriate questions are formed by introducing a form of the verb do.
Analysing sentences : an introduction to English syntax by Noel Burton-Roberts