By Altmann, Gabriel, Gabriel Altmann

ISBN-10: 3110196417

ISBN-13: 9783110196412

This quantity provides 12 papers on a brand new method of the research of writing platforms. For the 1st time, quantitative tools are brought into this region of study in a scientific method. the person contributions provide an summary approximately quantitative houses of symbols and of writing platforms, introduce equipment of study, learn person writing platforms as used for various languages, manage an explanatory version of phenomena hooked up to script development/evolution, and provides a viewpoint to a normal idea of writing structures.

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Extra resources for Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems (Quantitative Linguistics) (German Edition)

Example text

Here “/. . /“ symbolizes a phoneme,“<>” a grapheme, while “∈” means that the given phoneme is part of the grapheme cluster. g. g. → /ey b ah l/. Though /ah/ is not overtly represented, is considered its representation. There is the possibility of simply ignoring the zero grapheme representation, but we decided for the above alternative. There are 289 different graphemic representations; many of them are used for different phonemes. The graph connecting the phonemes with graphemes is a bipartite graph which, because of its extent, cannot be presented here.

Formula (8) is usually called Zipf’s law or zeta distribution. Now, theoretically (8) has an infinite support, which is a nonrealistic situation. For our purposes it will be truncated after x = 10 because no grapheme represents more than 10 phonemes (up to now or in this variant of English). Hence we obtain Px = K , x = 1, 2, . . , R, (9) xb R being the truncation parameter (here 10). Applying (9) to the data in Table 4 we obtain the result in its third column. The graphic display is in Figure 2.

On typographical grounds we adhere to this way of symbolizing phonemes. The dictionary uses 39 consonant and vowel phonemes. ) uses 38 phonemes without the vowel er, which is used in the cmudict, as well as in the World Book Dictionary (Barnhart & Barnhart 1979). The words analyzed are from the 1 000 000-word Brown Corpus, which has 42 436 word types minus the Arabic numerals. Of these words, the cmudict covers 31 591; the uncovered part mostly consists of personal and place names, and non-word strings.

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Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems (Quantitative Linguistics) (German Edition) by Altmann, Gabriel, Gabriel Altmann

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