By Karin Pittner, Daniela Elsner, Fabian Barteld
Adverbs as a note classification are notoriously tricky to outline. the quantity bargains with the delimitation of this type, its inner constitution, the morphological makeup of adverbs and their positions in syntactic constructions. a more in-depth examine diachronic advancements sheds mild at the features of adverbial word-formation. bearing in mind adverbs in German, English, Dutch, French and Italian, the contributions to this quantity supply new insights into the features of this heterogeneous and multi-faceted type and should be of curiosity to linguists operating within the fields of morphology, syntax and language switch.
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Additional info for Adverbs: Functional and diachronic aspects
G. Pollard & Sag 1987, 1994), an approach competing with the PPT and its successors, categories of words are generally described in a similar way, though again the means differ considerably. Like the PPT, HPSG distinguishes between a lexicon and syntax. The former describes lexical entries of words with respect to their inherent and contextual syntactic and syntactically relevant properties, amongst others, and the principles and schemata of the latter describe the structures of the sentences, specifying the positions that may be occupied by the words.
Category names at this level are often compound words. At the superordinate level, categories of the basic level are combined to form larger categories. Among the examples that Rosch and Mervis discuss are the hierarchically ordered categories named furniture (superordinate level), table – lamp – chair – etc. (basic level) and kitchen chair – living-room chair – etc. (subordinate level of chair) (cf. g. Rosch 1977: 32). Returning to parts of speech and in particular to the partof-speech category noun, the same hierarchical organization can be observed.
That is, a word that is called an adverb or discussed as one by an apparently reliable source such as a grammar book or a language teacher is included in the extension of this category. Category-membership cannot in many cases be determined by family resemblances. Hence the part-of-speech category adverb, though serving the same purpose as the others, nevertheless differs from these. e. it is not as firmly established in the minds of, say, language students, as the other part-ofspeech categories.
Adverbs: Functional and diachronic aspects by Karin Pittner, Daniela Elsner, Fabian Barteld