By Kenneth N. Stevens

ISBN-10: 0262692503

ISBN-13: 9780262692502

This ebook provides a concept of speech-sound new release within the human vocal approach. the great acoustic conception serves as one foundation for outlining different types of speech sounds used to shape differences among phrases in languages. the writer starts off with a evaluation of the anatomy and body structure of speech creation, then covers resource mechanisms, the vocal tract as an acoustic filter out, suitable points of auditory psychophysics and body structure, and phonological representations. within the final chapters he provides a close exam of vowels, consonants, and the impact of context on speech-sound creation. even supposing he focuses in general at the sounds of English, he touches in brief on sounds in different languages. The booklet will function a reference for speech scientists, speech pathologists, linguists attracted to phonetics and phonology, psychologists drawn to speech conception and construction, and engineers thinking about speech processing functions.

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16) a. Parra [para]; caru [carro]. ’ (Afro-Bolivian Spanish; Sessarego 2011a: 46) b. Tera [tierra]; buru [burro] land donkey ‘Land; donkey’(Afro-Puerto Rican Spanish; Álvarez-Nazario 1974: 165) c. SG ‘Then he grabs’  (Dominican Spanish; Willis & Bradley 2008: 91) (VI) /Cɾ/ onset consonant clusters Traditional APS speakers tend to simplify onset consonant clusters of the type /Cɾ/ (17). This phenomenon has also been previously reported by Cuba (2002: 28) (madina < madrina ‘godmother’, nosotos < nosotros ‘we’, poramas < programas ‘programs’) and appears to be in line with the aforementioned tendency leading to the creation of CV syllabic structures.

D. dissertation written by Mayén (2007), Afro-­Hispanic linguistic remnants in Mexico, which provides a grammatical analysis of the vernacular spoken in the villages of Collantes and La Boquilla, Costa Chica, Province of Oaxaca. After carrying out linguistic fieldwork in the communities under investigation, the author suggests that the creole hypothesis may not be the correct one since the grammatical features reported also appear to be found in second-language varieties of Spanish and other non-standard dialects for which a creole stage was not likely.

The vowel /a/ was usually the most stable one (vamo < vamos ‘we go’, dilá < dirá ‘she will say’, Baltasale < Baltazar ‘Baltazar’). Romero (1987: 102) also identifies several cases of diphthong reduction (engrio < engreído ‘conceited’, rir < reír ‘to laugh’, queto < quieto ‘quiet’, quero < quiero ‘I want’, currendo < corriendo ‘running’, nostla < nuestra ‘our’, contino < continuo ‘to continue’, individo < individuo ‘individual’, proba < prueba ‘test’, pode < puede ‘he can’, conciolo < consuelo ‘comfort’) and many instances of resyllabification, resulting in vowel fusions and diphthongation (semiacabao < se me ha acabado ‘I finished it’, mestá haciendo < me está haciendo ‘he is doing to me’, quel < que él ‘that he is’, nuay < no hay ‘there is not’, nues < no es ‘it is not’, quiora < qué hora ‘what time’).

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Acoustic phonetics by Kenneth N. Stevens

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