By George Emery, Herbert Emery

ISBN-10: 077351824X

ISBN-13: 9780773518247

Using cliometric equipment and documents from six grand-lodge data, a tender Man's profit rejects the normal knowledge approximately pleasant societies and illness assurance, arguing that IOOF inns have been financially sound associations, have been extra effective than advertisement insurers, and met a industry call for headed by way of younger males who lacked choices to industry assurance, now not older males who had an above-average chance of affliction incapacity. Emery and Emery convey that many younger males joined the extraordinary Fellows for affliction coverage and give up the society as soon as self-insurance - mark downs - or kinfolk coverage - secondary earning from older kids - made it possible for them. The older males, who valued the social merits of club and didn't want the ill gain, steadily grew to become a majority and dismantled the IOOF's assurance provisions.

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Additional resources for A Young Man’s Benefit: The Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Sickness Insurance in the United States and Canada, 1860-1929

Example text

357) was a lawyer and mayor of Toronto in 1910-11. Horatio C. Hocken (Broadview Lodge No. 394) was publisher of the Orange Sentinel, a past grand master of the Orange Lodge, and mayor in 1912-14. 00 * persons with railway occupations or reported railway employers George B. Woods (Rosedale Lodge) was the founder and managing director of the Continental Life Insurance Company. George H. Gooderham (Rosedale Lodge) was a manufacturer, a capitalist, and a Conservative MLA from 1908 to 1916. Perhaps these men had joined the Odd Fellows before they had become prominent.

The one-year delay gave grand bodies the chance to discuss the proposed change and instruct their grand representatives on whether to support it. Second, the passage of the amendment required a two-thirds majority of the votes cast. As a member moved up the IOOF'S organizational tree (from lodges to grand bodies to the SGL), the character of the Odd Fellows changed. At the local level, lodge members commonly fell behind in their dues and were suspended within a few years of their initiations. About 80 per cent of them held the lodge degrees only.

In contrast, information in fraternal and city directories shows the occupations of all members at a given year. To push the analysis further, we turned to evidence for lodges in Ontario and British Columbia. First, we traced men in a 1911 IOOF directory for Toronto to the 1911 city directory, which reported occupation. I. I. 25 year. Second, we analysed evidence from lodge membership registers and medical examiners' reports for lodges in seven small urban and rural communities. This evidence showed, over time, the occupations of new members.

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A Young Man’s Benefit: The Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Sickness Insurance in the United States and Canada, 1860-1929 by George Emery, Herbert Emery


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