By Daphne Kerremans
This e-book offers the 1st large-scale usage-based research of the conventionalization strategy of English neologisms within the on-line speech neighborhood. The learn solutions the longstanding query of the way and why a few neologisms develop into a part of the English lexicon and others don't. It strings jointly findings and assumptions from lexicological, sociolinguistic and cognitive examine and vitamins the prevailing theories with novel data-driven insights. For this function a webcrawler was once built, which extracted the occurrences of the neologisms into consideration from the net in per month periods. The booklet exhibits that the various classes conventionalization approaches may possibly take consequence from the interaction among speaker-based sociopragmatic accommodation-induced features and components facilitating cognitive processing of novel linguistic fabric.
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Additional info for A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms
In certain cases, however, for reasons other than novel concept-formation, an existing meaning can pair with a new form. An example is snowicane. During the harsh winter of 2010 in the US speakers needed a variety of words to refer to the unusual deluge of snow. As a result, several terms like snowicane or snownado were coined successively. 1985: 47-50). He distinguishes between morphological neologisms like snowicane, semantic neologisms that involve semantic transfer such as subprime and morpho-semantic neologisms which pair a new meaning with a new form like detweet.
Also Clark and Clark 1979: 801, 803; Wilso 1985: 280). As a consequence, Barz introduces the notion of “novelty effect” (1998: 12) to better accommodate the various idiosyncratic concerns that influence reception and comprehension. Typically, the novelty effect will arise 46 more strongly when these expectations are not confirmed by the form and the meaning of the new word. e. in the speech community, can be more or less objectively and reliably confirmed by means of identifying its first attestation, the novelty effect on the individual language user can only be measured with the help of informants.
Holcomb and Neville 1990: 282, 303-304). The importance of context arises from its disambiguation function. Dunbar 2005: 219-220; cf. Clark and Clark 1979). e. the identification of the constituents. Costello and Keane50 2005: 211). g. shooting is diagnostic for gun in the example of rose gun, ‘a tool to dispense insect repellent’ given by Costello and Keane (2005: 205). The gun-tool will dispense the repellent in such a way as to exterminate the insects, an act more harmlessly, but similar to actual shooting.
A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms by Daphne Kerremans