By Melissa S. Lane, Martin A. Ruehl
The poet Stefan George (1868-1933) used to be probably the most very important cultural figures in sleek Germany. His poetry, in its originality and impression, has been ranked with that of Goethe, HÃ¶lderlin, or Rilke. but George's achieve prolonged a long way past the sector of literature. in the course of his final 3 many years, he attracted a circle of disciples who subscribed to his homoerotic and aestheticist imaginative and prescient of existence and sought to rework it into fact. The works and considered the circle profoundly affected the highbrow and cultural attitudes of Germany's expert heart classification from the start of the 20th century, and are hence the most important to Germany's cultural and highbrow heritage. The transition from the aestheticist, cosmopolitan values the circle embraced within the early 1900s to the extra explicitly political and patriotic perspectives lots of its participants espoused through the Weimar Republic either conditioned and mirrored a momentous transformation in German concept. The intersection of tradition and politics within the George Circle has obtained little realization in English-language scholarship in the past. This quantity comprises contributions from significant students in either English- and German-speaking nations. Its viewers comprises students and scholars of German languages and literature, German heritage, and reception of the classics, between different fields. members: Adam Bisno, Richard Faber, RÃ¼diger GÃ¶rner, Peter Hoffmann, Thomas Karlauf, Melissa S. Lane, Robert E. Lerner, David Midgley, Robert E. Norton, Ray Ockenden, Ute Oelmann, Martin A. Ruehl, Bertram Schefold.
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Additional resources for A Poet's Reich: Politics and Culture in the George Circle
70 Norton, Secret Germany, xvi. , Salin, Um Stefan George, and Landfried, Stefan George. One of the standard works on the history of German literature, the Deutsche Literaturgeschichte, describes George as an unpolitical poet. , Deutsche Literaturgeschichte. Von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart, 6th ed. (Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 2001), 328. 72 It was Friedrich Wolters who first used the label “staat” to describe the Circle and its structures, obviously alluding to Plato’s Republic which in the German translation is called Der Staat: see Norton, Secret Germany, 349.
19 As soon as George left, Hofmannsthal immediately composed and dispatched a letter to him. It does not survive, but George’s response indicates that the content was direct, biting, and dismissive (G/H, 241). His response also carries a homosexual subtext that deserves attention: Gestern die bücher — heut erst Ihre worte . . Wenn ich freilich an einen solchen brief gedacht hätte wäre ich am abend nicht zu ihnen gekommen • eher glaubte ich alles andere annehmen zu müssen Also auf etwas hin und gott weiss welches etwas “das sie verstanden zu haben glauben” schleudern sie einem gentleman der im begriff war Ihr freund zu werden eine blutige kränkung zu.
22 68 MELISSA S. LANE AND MARTIN A. RUEHL After the war, George remarked to Hildebrandt that his only hope was “die europäische Wiedergeburt aus deutschem Geiste”: Hildebrandt, Erinnerungen an Stefan George, 105. See also 125, 164, 165; Landfried, Stefan George, 219–21. 69 See Walter Benjamin, Gesammelte Schriften, ed. Hella Tiedeman-Bartels, vol. 3 (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1980), 259. ” See Richard Faber, “Walter Benjamins Ursprung des deutschen Trauerspiels und Ernst H. Kantorowicz’ Die zwei Körper des Königs.
A Poet's Reich: Politics and Culture in the George Circle by Melissa S. Lane, Martin A. Ruehl