By Merle A Reinikka

ISBN-10: 0881923257

ISBN-13: 9780881923254

An enticing account of humanity's transforming into fascination with orchids from precedent days onward, including a biographical gallery of fifty nice scientists, naturalists, and explorers who contributed to our wisdom of orchids. The nomenclature and bibliography were up to date for this version.

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Page 11 Expanded Interest and Introductions Contrary to the popular belief that initial interest in orchids originated in Europe, early manuscripts indicate that mankind's attention to the study and cultivation of these plants began in the Orient. , the Emperor Shen Nung described Bletilla hyacinthina and a dendrobium in Materia Medica, a work which reputedly is the first to advise on the use of plants and animals for human needs. Among the peoples of the Orient, a great share of interest in orchids has derived from the fragrance of the flowers, for, again contrary to popular belief, many members of the Orchid Family are highly scented.

Rewritten in Chinese and published in 1772, after the author's death, it contained numerous wood-block illustrations and described various genera such as Cymbidium, Neofinetia, Aerides, Dendrobium, Bletilla, and many other plants possessing fragrant blooms. Though the book was dedicated to the description of ran,* the tendency to call all plants with strange fragrance ran (hereafter referred to as lan, in the Chinese translation) had indiscriminately spread, with little difference recognized between certain plant families.

A. Printed in Hong Kong Page v CONTENTS Illustrations viii Foreword By Rebecca T. Northen xi Acknowledgments xiii Introduction xvii Part I Historical Development The Emergence of Orchids as Botanical Entities 3 Expanded Interest and Introductions 11 Classification 40 Cultivation and the Methods Employed 50 The Development of an Industry 61 Hybridization 76 Scientific Application 84 Chronological Guide to Descriptive and Taxonomic Orchid Literature 97 Part II Makers of Orchid History Introduction 111 Carl von Linné 113 Joseph Banks 116 Franz Bauer 122 Page vi Olof Swartz 127 Robert Brown 130 William George Spencer Cavendish 136 Hugh Cuming 141 Karl Ludwig Blume 145 Robert Wight 149 John Lindley 153 George Bentham 160 Joseph Paxton 164 George Ure Skinner 169 Friedrich Martin Josef Welwitsch 174 Charles Robert Darwin 179 James Bateman 184 Karl Theodore Hartweg 187 Josef Ritter von Rawicz Warszewicz 189 John Gibson 193 John Dominy 196 Joseph Dalton Hooker 199 Jean Linden 204 Thomas Lobb 208 Charles Samuel Pollock Parish 211 Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach 215 Benedict Roezl 219 Benjamin Samuel Williams 223 Hugh Low 226 Ferdinand Jacob Heinrich Mueller 230 Gustave Wallis 234 Robert David Fitzgerald 236 Harry Bolus 241 John Seden 244 Harry James Veitch 246 Alfred Celestin Cogniaux 250 William Boxall 253 Ernst Hugo Heinrich Pfitzer 255 Frederick William Burbidge 258 Henry Frederick Conrad Sander 260 Page vii Walter Davis 264 Charles Curtis 266 David Burke 269 Wilhelm Micholitz 271 Robert Allen Rolfe 275 Henry Nicholas Ridley 279 Henry George Moon 283 Albert Cameron Burrage 287 Johann Jacob Smith 290 Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter 293 Oakes Ames 297 Lewis Knudson 302 Index 306 Additions to a Chronological Guide to Descriptive and Taxonomic Orchid Literature 317 Nomenclatural Update By Gustavo A.

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A history of the orchid by Merle A Reinikka

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