By Edward Rosset
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Extra resources for 3000 Keys Tests
Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Part I Phonological structure in signed languages At first glance, a general linguistic audience may be surprised to find a phonology section in a book that focuses on sign language research. The very word “phonology” connotes a field of study having to do with sound (phon). Sign languages, however, are obviously not made up of sounds. Instead, the phonetic building blocks of sign languages are derived from movements and postures of the hands and arms. Although early sign researchers acknowledged these obvious differences between signed and spoken languages by referring to the systematic articulatory patterns found within sign language as “cherology” (Stokoe 1960; Stokoe, Casterline, and Croneberg 1965), later researchers adopted the more widely used term “phonology” to emphasize the underlying similarity.
Beyond the input given: The child’s role in the acquisition of language. Language 66:323–355. Groce, Nora E. 1985. Everyone here spoke sign language: Hereditary deafness on Martha’s Vineyard. Cambridge, MA: Harvard. Hickok, Gregory, Ursula Bellugi, and Edward S. Klima. 1998. What’s right about the neural organization of sign language? A perspective on recent neuroimaging results. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2:465–468. Hockett, Charles. 1960. The origin of speech. Scientific American 203:88–96.
Each parameter comprises a set of possible forms for a given language. These forms are, for example, A, 5, and O for hand configuration, upward, to and fro, and circular for movement, and neutral space, nose, and chin for place of articulation. The set of hand configurations, movements, and places of articulation used in any given sign language draws from the sets of possible hand configurations, movements, and places of articulation available to all sign languages. Evidence that these parameters are contrastive building blocks within signs can be found in minimal pairs, signs that differ from one another in a single parameter (see Klima and Bellugi 1979).
3000 Keys Tests by Edward Rosset